Archive for the ‘EARLY CINEMA’ Category

“The trip in the moon” by Georges Méliès. 1902.


During a lecture attended by eminent scientists, professor Barbenfouillis sets out his ambitious project to a boisterous audience: a trip to the moon! A team made of fearless volunteers is formed. Soon begins the making of a shell and a launching ramp that will propel them to the heavenly star.

Once there, they witness an earthlight. But soon some snow begins to fall. The crew goes down to the entrails of the moon, a place where giant mushrooms grow very quickly. However soon enough they notice that they are not alone, they face the moon dwellers, which after a brief fight finally make them prisoners. They take them to their chief right away …

Six years after the cinematograph was invented, Georges Méliès conceives this adaptation of two of Jules Vernes’ novels “From the earth to the moon” and “Around the moon”. Doing so he creates a new genre in cinema: the enchentment. But above all, conjurer by profession, he makes up a new technique: the faking. Méliès, without revolutionizing filmmaking, is in that way the forerunner of science fiction and its special effects. He uses his talent to make fun of the scholar society, caricaturing them as pretentious and incompetent.


Exit of a factory, by Auguste and Louis Lumière.


The cinematograph, literally the “the writing of the movement”, is a device perfected by the Lumière brothers at their factory in Lyon in 1895. Based on the working of the Thomas A. Edison’s Kinetoscope their invention is an instant success.

“Exit of a factory” is the very first film in cinema history. Indeed, the Lumière brothers non content with being the inventors of the cinema itself, are also known as the first filmmakers. Their favourite topic, instead of being still lifes, are people filmed in their daily activities. The tone is set: the cinematograph will film movement.

On the screening, which is only a few minutes long, you could see about 300 workers getting out of the factory after a good day’s work. The audience can’t believe their eyes, the show is performed again and again and the extraordinary device is exported abroad. Others films are made, “the gardener and the mischievous boy” will be the first comedy ever.

The cinema is born!